New research from the UK’s Institution of Mechanical Engineering (IMechE) could indicate that many more young women could be interested in becoming engineering apprentices if they received more support and encouragement later in their schooling. Over the past five years, the emphasis on attracting young females to technology and engineering has focused on activities to inspire at the last stages of primary and the first three years of secondary school. However, theIMechE study, titled ‘Never Too Late: Profiling Female Engineering Apprentices’ suggests that a large number of girls older than 16 might select an engineering pathway if there were more initiatives to encourage them after leaving school.
The Institution-led study surveyed current and newly qualified female and male apprentices, as well as non-engineering apprentices, to identify the characteristics of female apprentices. The aim is to provide input into the design of policies to increase the representation of women in engineering career pathways.
The research found that there is a wider opportunity than previously expected to “engage” young women as they appear to make career decisions later than their male counterparts. It recommends that engineering careers initiatives should broaden their outreach to target young women aged 15 to 25. The report also found that although women are under-represented in many STEM areas, this is “particularly stark” in engineering apprenticeships, where just 8% of apprentices are female.
“Female engineering apprentices are something of a rarity but there is no evidence that they are a ‘breed apart’,” said Peter Finegold, head of education at the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and the lead author of the report. “The UK school population may include many more young women who could be attracted to this career route, given the right opportunities.”
In addition to targeting a wider age range, programs for attracting women to become engineering apprentices should broaden their approach to include those with interests in creative crafts and the arts, found the report. This is because the author believes that female apprentices have been shown to be more interested in these areas than their male peers and less likely to favor technology and “tinkering”.
Five key recommendations from the report:
- Employers, further education colleges and other organizations should broaden their targeting to include young women with interests in creative crafts and the arts
- Engineering careers initiatives should develop programs that target young women aged 15–25, since female engineering undergraduate and apprentices appear to make their career decisions later than their male counterparts
- The engineering community should ensure that it offers practical support and advice to organizations who wish to promote the value of engineering apprenticeships in schools
- EngineeringUK, along with its partners in the engineering community, should draw on the report’s findings as they work together to reposition the ‘Tomorrow’s Engineers’ program; specifically to act on the knowledge that women choosing routes into engineering careers tend to make this decision later, and that their hobbies and interests are less likely to be ‘tinkering’ and more likely to be linked to creative crafts and arts.
- STEM Learning Ltd should recruit a cadre of female engineering ambassadors who are trained to highlight specific messages about engineering apprenticeships, including the creative problem-solving aspects of engineering, the suitability of engineering careers, even for those who have not harbored a longstanding interest in the subject, and how the changing nature of engineering and technology will require future engineers with a variety of skills and interests.